Aircraft AH-64D Longbow
The Apache AH-64D Longbow is a multi-mission attack helicopter. It has twin turboshaft engines, and a four blade configuration. It is operated by two pilots who sit in a tandem cockpit arrangement with the pilot seated in the rear slightly higher than the co-pilot/gunner. The Apache’s Target Acquisition Designation Sights and Pilot Night Vision System are mounted on the nose. This system can be slaved to the pilots’ helmets allowing them to track targets with their head movements.
The Apache carries four main armaments:
The Longbow variant of the Apache is recognizable by the large circular dome installed over the main rotor that houses the aircraft’s millimeter wave Fire Control Radar target acquisition system and Radar Frequency Interferometer. The mast-mounted position allows the Apache to assume cover behind terrain and tree lines while maintaining an accurate radar view of the battlefield. It can quickly and accurately assess, categorize and prioritize up to 128 targets simultaneously.
The Apache can be fitted with a 30 round M130 automatic chaff/flare dispenser on the port side of the tail boom. The armored cockpit, bulletproof windows and Kevlar lined seats provide protection for its occupants. The entire helicopter can survive fire from 12.7mm rounds and the mission-critical components can tolerate 23mm rounds. An infra-red suppression system helps to reduce the heat signature emitted from the engines making it less vulnerable to IR homing missiles.